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How to Get Started With Satellite TV

Basic requirements

The professional installation of the satellite TV system is easy and fast. However, there are certain requirements to be met to start Satellite Television. The first and basic requirement is an unhindered southern exposure. The satellite broadcast can be received only if the satellite dish is mounted in such a way that there is an unobstructed sight of the southern sky. Sky scrapers, Trees and other tall objects can obstruct or degrade the signal. Hence, it is of utmost value that the line joining the satellite dish and the satellite is free of any hurdles.

Secondly, there has to be an exterior area to mount the satellite dish. The dish can be mounted inside windows. However, it is seriously recommended that the dish has to be mounted outdoors. Standard satellite dishes are 18” or 20” inches wide. There are a plethora of surfaces like roofs, balconies, chimneys etc. where the dish can be mounted. Those who live in rented houses should ascertain the area of mounting the satellite dish with their landlord.

The third important requirement is appropriate wiring. If the house has old coaxial wiring, this cannot meet the demands of satellite TV. Hence, a new wire will be needed for installing the satellite system. If the house is wired for cable television, then there are coaxial cable outlets near the TV. In case the house has new RG-6 coaxial cable line, then the current wiring can be used to transfer the signal from the dish to the television. In case of VOOM, an HD-ready television or integrated HDTV is required. The residents of 48 continental US states only have this facility. For HDTV satellite programming, there is a necessity of a triple LNB multi-satellite dish, an HDTV-capable satellite receiver and a compatible HDTV-ready TV.


Geographical and DISH requirements

If the standard 18” or 18” X 20” dish is used to receive the satellite signal, the customer has to be a resident of the continental US i.e. the lower 48 states. In case he is a resident of Hawaii or Alaska, a larger dish is required to receive all the channels. The Federal Communications Commission has issued a mandate that home owners need not acquire permission from the homeowner association or government or zoning board to install DBS dishes having size of one meter or less.

Providers have different kind of dishes, from which it is necessary to choose one. A Dual LNB is an 18” dish having one LNB and two outputs. This dish is meant for the satellite at the 101 degrees position only. The Triple LNB is an 18” X 20” dish having three LNB and four outputs. This is related with satellite at 101 degrees, 110 degrees and 119 degrees. HD customers, Spanish language services and several local channels are not all received from the 101 degrees satellite. So, this LNB is required. DISH 1000 looks at the 110 degrees, 119 degrees and 129 degrees satellite position.


Multiple TV systems

If there are multiple TV sets and a single receiver system, then the satellite receiver’s antenna-style RF output can be connected to the input of the second TV. An RG-6 or RG-59 cable is required for this purpose. In the above case, the same satellite channel has to be viewed on every set. If the satellite receiver has two tuners, different channels can be viewed on different TV sets, although there is a single receiver.

There are some dishes that permit four receivers. If more receivers than the dish capacity are to be connected to it, this can be achieved by using a multi switch. This switch splits the satellite feed without hampering the signal quality. Independent co-axial cables have to be connected from the dish.

The satellite receiver has to be continuously connected to the phone line. This will enable to order pay-per-view programs by using the remote control. The other alternative is to order using the phone every time. However, each order has an additional charge. On the other hand, the phone connection for the pay-per-view ordering and billing does not lead to additional charges on the phone bill.


Underground requirements

If the wire has to be carried underground, then it has to be protected from moisture and extreme temperature. A PVC conduit is needed to enclose the normal wire. Alternatively, the cable recommended for burial has to be used. Although, this wire does resist moisture and extreme temperatures, it can not withstand a shovel blow. For both the methods mentioned above, a trench that is at least 2 feet deep has to be dug.

A correctly installed dish has electrical grounding for the dish and the coaxial cable from the dish to the satellite receiver. Still, this system can be affected by lightning and power surges. For this hazard, surge suppressors are required. These usually work with the standard RG-59 coaxial cable. As the satellite signal travels from the dish to the receiver, it is stripped by the surge suppressor. Similarly, power protection compatible with digital satellite systems has to be employed. The models should provide AC, RG-6 coaxial and phone protection.

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